Laser Construction

The source of the pump or energy source is part of a laser system that energizes the laser medium. To get the laser emissions, we first need to generate population inversion. Population inversion is the process of reaching larger amounts of electrons in higher energy states compared to lower energy states. Energy sources supply enough energy to the laser medium where electrons in low energy states are particularly interested in higher energy states. Consequently, we get population inversion in the active medium or laser medium. Examples of energy sources include electrical discharges, light from other lasers, chemical reactions, and flash lights. The type of energy source used largely depends on the laser medium. Laser LAsermåler uses chemical reactions as an energy source, helium lasers use electrical discharges as energy sources and lasers Nd: YAG uses focused light from diode lasers as an energy source.

Laser media is a medium where spontaneous and stimulated radiation emission occurs. Generally, populations of states with lower energy are greater than higher energy states. However, after reaching the population inversion, the population of the state with higher energy becomes greater than the lower energy state. After receiving sufficient energy from the source, the electron in a low energy state or ground state is particularly attracted to a higher energy state (in the laser medium). Electrons in excited states do not persist for long periods because the life of electrons in excited states is very small. Therefore, after a long time, the electrons in the excited state will return to their ground state by releasing energy in the form of light or photon. This is called spontaneous emission. In spontaneous emission, each electron emits a single photon as it falls to its ground state. When this emitted photon collides with an electron in an excited state or a stable meta state, it forces the meta stable electron to return to its ground state. As a result, the electron re-releases energy in the form of photons. This is called stimulated emission. In the stimulated emission, each electron emits two photons as it falls to its ground state.

If we use electrical energy as an energy source than a single photon or a few photons (spontaneously produced) will produce a large number of photons with a stimulated emission process. Thus, the amplification of light is achieved by the laser medium. The laser medium is also known as the active medium or the gain medium. The laser medium will determine the characteristics of the emitted laser beam. The laser medium can be solid, liquid, or gas.

The Right Way to Clean Solar Panels

Along with the increasingly increase talk about environmental issues, the public began to open the eyes on a more eco-friendly energy sources. One of them is by choosing solar panels that use solar power system as a source of power in their dwelling. Like other equipment, solar panels also need to be cleaned regularly to keep them clean and maintained. Do you know how to clean the solar panels properly?

– Consult first
From the beginning, you will install solar panels, ask the installer how to clean the solar panel. Different brands, different components, then different way of treatment. Do not let you damage expensive solar panels because one way to clean it.

– Select the time
The best time to clean the solar panels is morning or evening. Use a headlight as an illumination. Not recommended during the day because in addition to very hot will also inhibit the productivity of these solar panels.

– Pay attention to safety
If your roof is saddle-shaped, always pay attention to the safety aspect. Use the right and safe ladder to support the body. Choose a fitting footing to clean the solar panels.

– Use soapy water
Use a hose and soapy water to clean the glass panels, especially if the dirt has accumulated. Before installing, make sure you’ve cut down the tree branch that will block the panel and add a lot of leaf litter.

The solar panel located on the roof of the house becomes the key to a house called pro alternative energy. For example a house with solar panels, after two years occupied, the amount of energy consumption is only 3,453 kWh per year. Almost completely balanced with 3,338 kWh of electricity from solar panels on the roof. This means the energy bill is only GBP15 per year or about US $ 2 per month.